What Is A Bakers Cyst? A Baker's Cyst is a swelling on the back of the knee caused by the build-up of fluid inside sacs called bursa between the two heads of the calf muscle.
Causes Severe swelling of the knee causes a baker's cyst to form. The swelling is a result of excess synovial fluid, which is the fluid that keeps the knee joint lubricated.
Treatment Very often a Baker's Cyst will reqire no treatment and will go away on its own. However, if the swelling becomes large and causes severe pain, your doctor may recommend one of the following treatments...
Exercise If you have knee pain, exercising may be the last thing on your mind. And you're not alone. Only 13 percent of men and 8 percent of women with knee ailments get the minimum recommended amount of weekly exercise.
Symptoms Your doctor will examine your knee and feel the swelling. If the cyst is small, he or she may compare the affected knee to the healthy one and check your range of motion. By shining a light through the cyst, your doctor can tell if there is fluid inside the swelling.
Home Remedies Treatment for cyst pain is to make yourself more comfortable as your body naturally heals itself. Resting your legs frequently throughout the day helps alleviate inflammation and prevents further strain on your knees.
Complications As the signs and symptoms closely resemble those of a blood clot, if you have swelling and redness of your calf, it is highly recommended to have a medical evaluation to rule out a more serious cause of your problems.
Pain Most often a Baker's Cyst does not cause pain. In some cases, you may not notice it at all. If you do experience problems, they might include:
Surgery If there is a lot of damage to the knee joint caused by a condition such as osteoarthritis or a physical injury, surgery may be needed to fix the problem with the joint.
Rupture Baker's cysts can become complicated by the spread of fluid down the leg between the muscles of the calf. The cyst can rupture, leaking fluid down the inner leg and will sometimes cause the appearance of a painless bruise under the inner ankle.
Aspiration Aspiration of a Baker's Cyst involves a needle being inserted into the cyst and the fluid being drained out. Most aspiration procedures don't take any longer than 15 minutes.
Physical Therapy A physical therapy program can help to relieve the symptoms of your Baker's Cyst, as well as address the underlying injury that caused the cyst to develop.